The Myeloma Alphabet Soup Handbook
Abbreviations

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and is presented here for reference only.


Ab        Antibodies

ABMT      Autologous Bone Marrow Transplant

ACS       American Cancer Society 1 (800) 227-2345  http://www.cancer.org/Ag        Antigens

ANC       Absolute Neutrophil Count

APC       Antigen Presenting Cell

ASCO      American Society of Clinical Oncology

ASH       The American Society of Hematology

AT        Autologous Transplant

ATRA      All-Trans Retinoic Acid, or Vesanoid

B2M       Beta-2-Microglobulin

BA        Basophiles

B/C       Bun/Creatinine ratio http://www.med.unsw.edu.au/PathBull/_pb/0000004b.htm

B-J       Bences-Jones

BlTD      Biaxin, low dose Thalidomide, Dexamethasone

BM        Bone Marrow

BMB       Bone Marrow Biopsy

BMDW      Bone Marrow Donors Worlwide

BMP-4     Bone morphogenetic protein 

BMT       Bone Marrow Transplant

BP        Blood Pressure

BRM       Biological Response Modifier (for example interferon)

BU        Busulphan

BUN       Blood Urea Nitrogen

C'        Complement

CAT SCAN  Computerized Axial Tomography

CAM       Cell Adhesion Molecule/s

CBC       Complete Blood Count

CCDRT     Cell Culture Drug Resistance Testing

CDR       Complementarity-Determining Region (usually CDR-III is

          tested in tests of molecular biology in MM)

CHEMO     Chemotherpy

CMV       Cytomegalovirus

CNET      CancerNet (where one get PDQ and Cancer Lit papers)

CR        Complete Remission or Complete Reponse

CREAT     Creatinine

CRF       Chronic Renal Failure

CRP       C-reactive protein

CsA       Cyclosporin A (Same as CyA)

CT SCAN   Computerized Tomography (also known as CAT SCAN)

CY        Cyclophosphamide

CyA       Cyclosporin A (Same as CsA)

Dex       Dexamethasone

DHEA      Dihydroepiandrosterone

DHEA-S    DHEA - Sulfate

DLI       Donor Lymfocyte Infusion

DNA       Deoxyribonucleic acid

DNR       Daunorubicin (Adriamycin)

DXM       Dexamethasone (Decadron)

EBMT      European Bone Marrow Transplantation group

EBV       Epstein Barr Virus

ECOG      Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

EFS       Event Free Survival

EHA       European Hematology Association

EMP       Extramedullary Plasmacytoma

EO        Eosinocytes

EORTC     European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer

EPO       Erythropoeitin (Procrit, Epoetin)

ESR       Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate

ESRD      End-Stage Renal Disease

FACP      Fellow of American College of Physicians. 

FACS      Fluorescence-activated Cell Sorter

FDA       Food and Drug Administration

FDG       Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose

FISH      Fluorescence in situ Hybridization

FYI       For Your Information

g/dL      gram per deci liter

g/24 hr   gram per 24 hours

G-CSF     Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor

GM-CSF    Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor

GG        Gamma Globulin

GN        Gallium Nitrate

GP        General Practitioner

GR        Granulocytes

GVHD      Graft vs Host Disease

GVL       Graft vs Leukemia or Graft vs Lymphoma

Hb        Hemoglobin

HCD       Heavy-Chain Disease

HCT,Hct   Hemotocrit

HDC       High Dose Chemotherapy--often used to condition one before a BMT

HDCTX     High Dose Cyclophosphamide Treatment

Hem       Hematologist

HGB,Hcb   Hemoglobin

HHV-8     Same as KSHV

HLA       Human Leekocyte Antigen

HMBA      Hexamethylene bisacetamide

HMO       Health Maintenance Organization (Medical Insurance Company)

HRT       Hormone Replacement Therapy

HSCT      Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

IBMTR     International Bone Marrow Transplantation Registry

IF-A      Interferon Alpha

IFN       Interferon

Ig        Immunogloblin

IL        Interleukin

i.m.      Intramuscular

IMM       Indolent MM

IMF       International Myeloma Foundation 1 (800) 452-2873

IMiDs     Immunomodulatory Drugs

Intron-A  Interferon Alpha

IP        Infusion Pump

IU        International Unit

i.v.      Intravenous

LY        Lymphocytes

KS        Kaposi's (KAposess) Sarcoma

KSHV      Kaposi's Sarcoma Herpes Virus

LDH       Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase

L-Pam     Melphalan

NCI       National Cancer Institute  1 (800) 4 cancer

NEG       Negative

NIH       National Institutes of Health

Mab       Monoclonal AntiBodies

MCV       Mean Copuscular Volume

MoAb      Same as Mab

MDP       Methylene Diphosphonate

MO        Monocytes

MDR       Multi Drug Resistance or Mininum Daily Requirments

MDS       Myelodysplastic Syndromes

mg        Milli Gram

mg/dL     Milli Gram per deci liter

MGUS      Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance  http://www.moffitt.usf.edu/pubs/ccj/v5n3/article1.html

MHC       Major Histocompatibility Information

MIBI      Methoxy-IsoButyl-Isonitrile

MM        Multiple Myeloma, also known as Plasma Cell Neoplasm

M-Protein Monoclonal-Protein

MRI       Magnetic Resonance Imaging

M-Spike   Monoclonal-Spike

MTX       Methotrexate

MUD       Matched Unrelated Donor

NEJM      New England Journal of Medicine

NMDP      National Marrow Donor Program  1 (800) 526-7809

NSAID     Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug 

OCN       Oncology Certified Nurse

Onc       Oncologist

OPG       Osteoprotegerin

OS        Overall Survival

PBL       Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes

PBMC      Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell

PBPC      Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cell

PBSCR     Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Rescue

PBSCT     Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant (Same as PSCT)

PCLI      Plasma Cell Labeling Index

PCR       Polymerase Chain Reaction

PDQ       Physician's Data Query

PET       Positron Emmission Tomography

PFS       Progression-Free Survival

PGP       P-glycoprotein

PLT,Plt   Platelet

PMN       Polymorphonuclear leucocytes

p.o.      Per os (by mouth)

POS       Positive

PPO       Preferred Provider Organization

PR        Partial Remission

PSCT      Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant (Same as PBSCT)

RBC       Red Blood Cell, or Red Blood Count

RNA       RiboNucleic Acid

RX        Prescribed Medications

    Qd   Once a day

    Bid  2 Times a day

    Tid  3 Times a day

    Qid  4 Times a day

    Qod  Every other day

    wQ   Once per week

SBMT      Syngeneic Bone Marrow Transplant (identical twin's marrow)

s.c.      Subcutaneous

SCF       Stem Cell Factor

sIL-6R    Soluble Interleukin-6 Receptor

SMM       Smouldering MM

SPB       Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone

SPECT     Single Photon Emission Tomography (a type of scintigraphy)

SPEP      Serum Protein Electrophoresis

SWOG      Southwest Oncology Group

SV-40     Green Monkey Virus

TBI       Total Body Irradiation

TK        Thymindine Kinase

TNF       Tumor Necrosis Factor

TPO       Thrombopoietin

TRM       Treatment-Related Mortality

TTP       Thrombic Thrombocytopenia Purpura

TX        Treatment

URL       Universal Resource Locator (used on the World Wide Web)

VCR       Vincristine

WBC       White Blood Count or White Blood Cells

WM        Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia

WWW       World Wide Web

YO        Years Old

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Last Updated: 03/06/01